APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is defined as the applied use of behavioral principles to everyday situations with the goal of either increasing or decreasing targeted behaviors.

 

Although ABA application in a practical environment varies based on the situation, all ABA therapy programs share certain key components:

  • Discrete trial teaching

  • Programming for generalization to the natural environment

  • Reinforcement

  • Prompting and fading strategies

  • Outcome-based decision-making

 

ABA is the science of controlling and predicting human behavior. It involves the observable relationship of behavior to the environment. By functionally assessing the relationship between a targeted behavior and the environment, the methods of ABA can be used to change that behavior.

Discrete Trial Teaching

Programming for generalization to the natural environment

Reinforcement

Prompting and fading strategies

Outcome-based decision-making

WHY USE

APPLIED BEHAVIOR

ANALYSIS TREATMENT

METHOD

In a 1987 study, Ivar O. Lovaas compared the results of a control group to that of young children with autism who received Applied Behavior Analysis therapy. Results indicated that with 40 hours of applied behavior analysis therapy a week for several years, 90% of participants substantially improved, some even to normal intellectual functioning, compared to the control group.

 

A number of recent studies confirm that ABA techniques are effective for building important life skills in teens and adults with autism.

Source: Autism Speaks

 

Research shows that Applied Behavior Analysis, i.e., ABA-based interventions, are amongst best practices for treating people with developmental disabilities, most notably Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD).

APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS FOR

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER UTILIZES METHODS THAT HELP

INDIVIDUALS IN VARIOUS WAYS:

Children learn how to communicate and behave in various social situations, hence their social etiquettes are strengthened.

Children learn how to complete tasks on time

Children are taught self-control and self-monitoring skills

Children learn the importance in change of behavior required for completing tasks. For example, after completion of a certain task, when asked to present it, children will know how to behave while giving a presentation in a classroom

Applied Behavior Analysis in education helps children learn without any interference, as the classroom curriculum is carefully crafted

Applied Behavior Analysis is a goal-oriented discipline that primarily focuses on evaluation and measurement of different behaviors

APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS

AT STEPPING STONES

  • Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a science which serves as the key underlying principle of behavior treatment at Stepping Stones Center, where we utilize practices and treatment interventions that fall under the science of ABA.

  • At Stepping Stones Center, ABA is provided in a practical environment and therapy methods vary based upon the client’s individual needs, while utilizing evidence-based practices.

  • Every ABA program often utilizes the therapy method of Discrete Trial Teaching

  • Reinforcement is implemented

  • Prompting and fading strategies are utilized

  • Outcome-based decision-making is utilized